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MLA - APA

Research Paper - Styling, Formatting and Referencing.

In this section we present to you a couple of the research paper formatting techniques. These formats are most comonly used in academic research papers.

MLA Format Template - Referencing Citation Style

For Styling and Format, we have uploaded an extract in PDF for you, giving a brief overview of the MLA template and citation. Download Here.

Citation details are being presented as per the reference source

Citing Print Sources

(Book with one author)
Seagrave, Steven. The Patriots’ Dynasty. New York: Harper Press, 2009. Print.

(Book with an editor)
Johnson, Stanley, ed. Coral Reefs. New York: Wiley, 2006. Print.

(Book with two authors)
Andrews, Deborah C., and William D. Andrews. Business Communication. New York: Macmillan, 2006. Print.

(Book with three authors)
Alvarez, R. R., Kenneth L. Brown, and Karen Raccanello. Learning to Speak Italian: A Guidebook. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub., 2009. Print.

(Book with more than 3 authors)
Morris, Desmond, et. al. Best Loved America Poetry. New York: Stein & Stein Pub., 2005. Print.

(Signed Encyclopedia/Dictionary Topic)
Rupp, Ernest G. “Berbers.” The Encyclopedia of World Cultures. 2005 ed. Print.

(Unsigned Encyclopedia/Dictionary Topic)
“Saudi Arabia.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places. 2007 ed. Print.

(Essay/Article in collection)
Agee, James. “Comedy’s Greatest Era.” Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Alfred Kazin. Detroit: Thompson Gale, 1997. 339-357. Print.

(Citing the Bible)
To cite part of the Bible (if not mentioned in text of paper), include the following information:
Name of the book of the Bible. Title of specific version of the Bible that is used. Place of
publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. End the citation with the word, ‘Print.”
Ezechial. The New American Bible. Wichita, Kansas: Fireside Catholic Pub., 1987. Print.

(Two entries by the same author, book titles in alphabetical order)
White, David. My First Book. New York: Scribner, 2008. Print.
---. My Second Book. New York: Scribner, 2009. Print.


(Book with author and editor or translator)
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Notebook of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Ed. Matthew Broccoli. New York:
Harcourt, 2000. Print.

Interviews
Bush, George W. Interview with Connie Chung and Ted Koppel. Nightline. CNN. 5 April 2001. TV.
Lippi, Tom. Personal interview. 5 February 2009. Interview.

TV Program
“Yes…but Is It Art?” Narr. Chris Matthews. Sixty Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York. 14 Jan. 2010.TV.

Periodicals/Magazines/Journals

(Magazine Article, signed)
Tift, Susan. “Who’s Teaching Our Children?” Time. 14 Nov. 2010: 58-64. Print.
Drabelle, Dennis. “The Hero Athlete as Myth.” Psychology Today. Nov. 2009: 65-68. Print.

(Magazine Article, unsigned)
“Class Conflict.” Time. 14 Nov. 2001: 50. Print.

(Newspaper article, signed)
Lewis, Flora. “The Bad News is Apathy.” New York Times. 9 Dec. 2009: A35. Print.

(Newspaper article/editorial, unsigned)“In 1938, the World Knew.” Editorial. New York Times. 9 Nov. 2008: C14. Print.

Photographs
Tuchsen, David. Fabulous Photos. 2005. Alameda Museum, Alameda CA. Print.

Maps
California. Map. Chicago: Rand, 2005. Map.


MLA Style for Websites and Online Databases

To cite information you find online, give the author's name, last name first (if known) or the name of the organization; the full title of the webpage; the title of the homepage, the date of the document or update (if available); the word “Web” and the date you read the information. Double space every line and indent all but the first line.

(Websites of Organizations)
Catholic Charities USA. “Climate Change and Poverty.” Catholic Charities USA. December 2008. Web. 23 March 2010.

(Scholarly/Academic Project)
Contemporary Literature. Ed. Lisa Brawley and James F. Lippi. 2009. Web. 1 Oct. 2010.

(Personal Home Page)
Lancashire, Ian. Ian Lancashire’s Journey . 28 Mar. 2007. Web. 15 May 2011.

(Opposing Viewpoints/EBSCO/CLC or other library online databases)
Gable, Susan. "Global Energy Will Soon Be a Crisis.'' Global Resources. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2010. Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context. 2011. Web. 5 May 2011.
*include page numbers if available

(Article in a Newspaper or Magazine published online)
Markoff, Jane. “Cell Phone Danger.” New York Times. June 2010. Web.
4 Jan. 2011.

(Quotation published Online)
Keats, John. Poetical Works. 1884. Bartleby.com: Great Books Online. Ed. Steven van
Leeuwen. 2008. Web. 5 Nov. 2009.

(Online Encyclopedia)
''The Battle of the Somme.'' Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia
Britannica. 2011. Web. 14 Jan. 2011.

(Image published Online)
Cosgriff, Malcolm. “My Issues.” Cartoon. Best Cartoons 1996 - 2008. 4 April 2004. Web. 6 Aug. 2009.

(Email)
Cite the author's name (if known) or the author's email or login name (the part of the email address before the @sign), followed by the subject line of the posting, enclosed in quotation marks; the date of the message if different from the date accessed.
Halloran, Erica. "Re: Preserving Writing." E-mail to Denise C. Callen. Web. 21
May 2009.

Parenthetical Documentation of Print resources

Usually the author’s last name and a page reference are enough to identify the source and the specific location from which you borrowed material. Medieval Europe was a place both of “raids, pillages, slavery, and extortion” (Townsend 10).
If the author’s name is in the text, provide the pages from the author’s work. ex: Tannen has argued this point (178 – 85). If the author’s name is referenced, include the author’s name and the page numbers. ex: This point has already been argued (Tannen 175 – 85).

Parenthetical Documentation of Electronic or Online resources

In parenthetical references in the electronic text, works on the World Wide Web are cited just like printed works. For any type of source, you must include information in your text that directs readers to the correct entry in the works-cited list. If a source has no author and is sponsored by a corporate entity, such as an organization or agovt. agency, name the corporate entity as the author. Web documents generally do not have fixed page numbers or any kind of section numbering. If your source lacks numbering, you have to omit numbers from your parenthetical references. If your source includes fixed page numbers or section numbering (such as numbering of paragraphs), cite the relevant numbers. Give the appropriate abbreviation before the numbers: “(Lippi, pars. 19-20).” (Pars. is the abbreviation for paragraphs) For a document on the Web, the page numbers of a printout should normally not be cited, because the pagination may vary in different printouts.
In-text Citation Researchers have found that the risks of infection from travel were small compared with the risks from poor hygiene (Center for Disease Control).


Works Cited
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: The Modern Language Association, 2009. Print.
Hacker, Diana. A Writer’s Reference. 5th ed. Boston: Medford/St. Martin’s Press, 2003. Print.

Please proceed to next page to read about APA.

 

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