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Research Paper - Styling, Formatting and Referencing.

In this section we present to you a couple of the research paper formatting techniques. These formats are most comonly used in academic research papers.

APA Format Template - Referencing Citation Style

For Styling and Format, we have uploaded an extract in PDF for you, giving a brief overview of the MLA template and citation. Download Here.

Rules for the reference list

  • Begin on a separate page.
  • Do not change the order of authors in each individual reference.
  • Alphabetize the reference list by the last name of the first author listed in each individual reference. If there is no author, alphabetize by the title.
  • Double-space the reference list.
  • Each reference entry has a hanging indent in which the first line is out to the left margin. Subsequent lines are indented five spaces. 

Citation details are being presented as per the reference source

APA reference list entries for books (pp. 202-205)
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title: Subtitle. City, State: Publisher.
Judd, D. M. (2007). A history of American nursing: Trends and eras. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Note: Use the two letter postal abbreviation for the state.

Chapter in a book (p. 204)
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & 
B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx of chapter). City, State:  Publisher.
Haybron, D. M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & 
R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Rules for citing works by multiple authors (p. 177)  2 authors: List both authors when you cite the work. (Wagner & Clarke, 1999)  3 to 5 authors: List all authors the first time you cite the work.
(Kern, Cornwell, Jones, Berry, & Howard, 2003) In subsequent citations, list the first author followed by et al. (Kern et al., 2003)  6 or more authors: List the first author followed by et al. each time you cite the work. (Williams et al., 2007)

ERIC document (p. 212)
Chernus, K., & Fowler, D. (2010). Integrating curriculum: Lessons for adult education from career and technical education. Washington, DC: National Institute for  Literacy. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED512295)

Unpublished master’s thesis (pp. 207-208)
Spiva, M. (2010). Development of coping strategies used by parents of children with  autism (Unpublished master’s thesis). California State University,  Stanislaus, Turlock, CA.

Journal article in print, paginated by issue (p. 199)
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title: Subtitle, volume number(issue number), pp-pp. 
Bowns, C., & Stevenson, A. (2010). Toward small town revitalization in the Middle Susquehanna River Valley: Re-assessing historic and regional resources for  collaborative development. Material Culture, 42(2), 1-27.

Journal article retrieved from a database with digital object identifiers (p. 198)
Resor, C. W. (2010). Place-based education: What is its place in the social studies  classroom? Social Studies, 101, 185-188. doi:10.1080/00377990903493853

Journal article retrieved from a database without digital object identifiers (p. 199)
Clark, A. J. (2010). Empathy: An integral model in the counseling process. Journal of  Counseling & Development, 88, 348-356. Retrieved from Academic Search   Elite database.
Note: The 6th edition of the APA manual says on p. 192, “In general, it is not necessary to include any database information” for journal articles, because “journal coverage in a particular database may change over time.” However, APA format allows for the inclusion of database information if your instructor requests it or for articles that are difficult to locate. If you have any questions about whether or not to include database information, please consult with your instructor.

APA format for a web page (p. 187)
Author, A. (Year). Title: Subtitle. Retrieved from http://webpage.address
Note: Include the same elements in the same order as a print reference source. 
Deubel, P. (2011). Standardized test preparation and tips for success. Retrieved from

When a document is retrieved from a university, government, or nonprofit organization’s website, add enough electronic retrieval information as needed to locate the source (see examples in chapter 7 of the Publication Manual)
Fact book 2008-2009. (n.d.). Retrieved from California State University, Stanislaus, 
Office of Institutional Research website:
Notes: If no identified author, title appears before the publication date. If no publication date is shown, use n.d. in parentheses.

APA format for in-text citations (pp. 170-171)
Paraphrasing: you are required to include the authors’ last names and year of publication, and encouraged to provide a page number where the information that is cited may be found
(Taylor & Green, 2004, p. 56)

If no author, abbreviate title
(“Quest for Redemption,” 2007)

Quotation (fewer than 40 words): place in quotation marks,  cite using authors’ last names, year of publication, and page number
(Taylor & Green, 2004, p. 56)
Note: Quotations of 40 or more words are placed into a block format.


Work Cited
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition)
REF BF 76.7 .P83 2010

Go to this page to read about MLA.


Stay posted with our blog to view a bunch of sample essays and to get ideas of how to write a essay or how to do a research paper. Unlike others we also post actual thesis, dissertations on various topics for students. The essay sample and essay example available on our writers blog also provides research papers for various hot topics. Just by going through those papers could make you an essay writing genius!

To view tips on content writing, view our content writing guide. To know what is a research paper and how do you write a research paper, you should consider viewing our guide on that topic as well.


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